CHINA/SOUTH KOREA. Editions 8 and 9 of the acclaimed Oriental Travel Retail Observer (OTRO) have recently been published, offering their usual rich and timely insights into China’s duty free sector. The publication is now available by subscription (see panel below) on a one-off basis or discounted annual fee for 12 editions via the ‘Friends of Moodie Davitt’ special offer below.
OTRO is a research and publishing alliance between Jessica’s Secret, China Merchants Securities, and law firm Jincheng Tongda & Neal. The Moodie Davitt Report works closely with Jessica’s Secret, having developed the popular Jessica’s Secret Index with the fast-growing Shanghai-based company.
OTRO, launched in July 2020, is a first for China’s travel retail industry in presenting regular industry research, big data analysis, Chinese consumer surveys, and legal opinions. The first five editions were published free of charge, drawing praise from all sectors of the travel retail community.
Highlights of Edition 9
The data-rich, 71-page issue 9 summarises the impact of the latest developments, regulatory and commercial, on the two key and interrelated duty free sectors of China and South Korea.
Subjects covered include the acceleration of three policies aimed at expanding the scope for duty free goods on Hainan island and analysis of a -15.5% month-on-month fall in February of duty free shop sales in South Korea.
This issue also focuses on the rise of home delivery service from duty free stores, a price index covering duty free stores in China and South Korea and promotions for popular brands at Sunrise Shanghai.
Another key feature is a field research report based on the Jessica’s Secret research team visiting six downtown duty free stores in Hainan’s Sanya and Haikou travel retail strongholds.
Also covered is an analysis of the impact of the recent waiving of animal testing for cosmetics products under specific conditions (see below).
Highlights of Edition 8
The 54-page issue 8 includes OTRO’s regular summary of the latest developments pertaining to the duty free sectors in China and South Korea.
The subjects covered in this issue include the potential impact of “vaccine passports”, the most popular duty free makeup products and a case study of a shopper visiting the China Duty Free Group store in Haitang Bay, Sanya.
Highlights of Edition 7
The 54-page issue 7 summarises the impact of the latest developments, regulatory and commercial, on the two key and interrelated duty free sectors of China and South Korea.
It also examines travel retail tourism data from around the world, assesses the evolving preferences of Chinese travel retail customers, and compares the popularity of leading China-focused duty free locations.
As always it compares prices between key duty free stores in Asia. And in an issue highlight, the editors gain a useful insight into Hainan’s burgeoning offshore duty free industry by interviewing daigous and other consumers who paid recent visits to the island.
In 2020, Hainan Province received 54.35 million overnight tourists, a year-on-year decrease of -18.6%. Sanya led the way, with 17.55 million (-24.1%), and Haikou followed with 13.4 million (-23.3%).
|Subscribe to Oriental Travel Retail Observer
Oriental Travel Retailer Observer, published monthly and packed with critical business intelligence, is available for US$1,500 per edition, through a special ‘Friends of Moodie Davitt’ offer.
A full-year subscription (12 editions) is offered for a -10% discount (US$16,200).
To subscribe or for more details please email info@MoodieDavittReport.com headed ‘OTRO subscription’
As a taster of what is on offer for the subscription package, the OTRO publishers are offering Edition 5 free of charge (see below).
Source: Jessica’s Secret
As a taster of what is on offer for the subscription package (see panel), the OTRO publishers offer Edition 5 free of charge here.
Highlights of Edition 5
Edition 5, published in November, breaks down Hainan’s offshore duty free sales, showing that cosmetics (83.5% of units, 48.9% of total sales), watches (12.2%) , and jewellery (also 12.2%) were the dominant categories. Fragrances was the second-biggest category by unit sales (458,000), though the lower price-points meant the category was worth just 4.9% of the total mix.
“Even if the Thai purchasing industry recovers in the future, those who are used to shopping in Hainan would hardly turn to those purchasing agents again” – Ivan, Thai purchasing agent
Edition 5 also highlights the positive impact Hainan has had on sector giant China Duty Free Group (CDFG). For the first nine months of 2020, CDFG’s total operating income was RMB35.14 billion (US$5.28 billion), a year-on-year decrease of +2.81%. But Q3 revenue (post the 1 July offshore duty free policy enhancement) soared +38.97% to RMB15.83 billion (US$2.38 billion).
The net profit attributable to the parent was RMB2.23 billion (US$335.60 million), up +141.9%, thanks to the implementation of the new policy. Critically, the removal of the former RMB8,000 (US$1,240) single-purchase limit saw a rapid increase in sales of luxury luggage, watches and precious jewellery with high gross profit margins.
In total, Hainan generated offshore duty free sales of RMB8.61 billion (US$1.30 billion) in Q3, a +227.5% year-on-year increase of 227.5%.
OTRO regularly features interviews with daigou purchasing agents and Edition 5 focuses on several such individuals.
Purchasing agent Helen says that due to the pandemic, the Thai purchasing service industry might not recover. She was a full-time purchasing agent living in Thailand before the outbreak.
Helen mainly purchases local Thai products such as medical products, latex pillows and food for her customers. She usually visits the local pharmacies, and sends the goods by land transportation back to China, a process that takes over two weeks.
Helen visits King Power stores when she travels to China from Thailand, purchasing cosmetics, skincare products and some luxury goods for her customers. Her King Power membership card gives her an overall -20%. In addition, cashback from the third-party platforms also reduces her purchase cost.
Helen revealed that her former profit margin was between 10% and 15%. Affected by the pandemic and the political environment in Thailand, she returned to China and found a job as a teacher. On the implementation of the enhanced Hainan offshore duty free policy, Helen did not find it initially reducing her orders. However, as she is now running out of inventory, and packages from Thailand hardly enter China due to the pandemic, her purchasing business cannot continue for much longer.
Ivan is a tour leader, and a part-time purchasing agent. Before the pandemic, he would take tourists to Thailand about three times a month, and purchase during his trips. Ivan formerly spent over RMB2,500,000 (US$375,000) annually purchasing for his customers in Thailand. Mostly he visited King Power where he also enjoys an overall -20% off with a membership card.
He buys cosmetics, skincare products and luxuries as his customers require and carries them back to China himself. Ivan told us that the profit margin of a common Thai purchasing agent is between 10% and 15%, but as some of his stock is sold to other purchasing agents for lower profits, his general profit margin is below 10%.
Ivan prefers King Power than duty free shops in other countries due to the company’s high reputation and the benefits of his membership card. The products preferred by Chinese consumers are also more likely to be available in King Power than in other duty free shops – due to the fact that the retailer’s traditional customers are mainly tourists rather than purchasing agents as in Korea (meaning many sold-out situations in the Seoul stores).
Due to the pandemic, the Thai tourism industry is stagnating, and Ivan’s purchasing business is thus suspended. Ivan noticed that many of his potential consumers are turning to the offshore duty free sector in Hainan, which poses a great threat to him. He believes that, once formed, the shopping habits are very difficult to change. “Even if the Thai purchasing industry recovers in the future, those who are used to shopping in Hainan would hardly turn to the purchasing agents again,” the report notes.
Vol. 1: https://www.moodiedavittreport.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/OTRO-Duty-free-Journal-20200626v7.pdf
Vol. 2: https://www.moodiedavittreport.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/Otro_JULY_Moodie.pdf
Vol. 3: https://www.moodiedavittreport.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/Otro-issue-3.pdf
Vol. 4: https://app.newinterface.jescard.com/static/Industrialreports/Oriental_Travel_Retail_Observer_Travel_Retail_Journal_Vol.4.pdf